Do Probiotics Help Bloating? Exploring the Science

Young woman suffering from stomachache due to bloating

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Bloating can be an uncomfortable and sometimes painful experience, often caused by the buildup of gas in the digestive system. You may be searching for ways to alleviate this common issue and find relief. Probiotics have become a popular option for individuals seeking to improve their gut health and reduce bloating.

Probiotics are live microorganisms, often referred to as “good bacteria,” that provide health benefits when consumed in adequate amounts. These beneficial bacteria play essential roles in maintaining a balanced gut microbiome, which in turn may help address gastrointestinal symptoms. Studies have shown that specific probiotics help reduce bloating and distension in some individuals. By incorporating probiotics into your daily routine, you may find relief from bloating and improve your overall gut health.

Probiotics and Bloating

Understanding Bloating

Bloating is a common symptom experienced by many people. It is characterized by the feeling of fullness and discomfort in the abdomen, often accompanied by gas. In some cases, bloating can result from imbalances in your gut microbiome, which consists of trillions of microorganisms that live in your digestive system.

How Probiotics Work

Probiotics are live bacteria and yeasts that can provide potential health benefits when consumed in adequate amounts, particularly for your gut health. They help by restoring the balance between good and bad bacteria in your microbiome, promoting gut function and overall health.

Administering probiotics can be an effective approach to alleviating bloating. Some studies suggest that probiotics can modify the composition of colonic flora and improve functional abdominal bloating. Others have shown improvement in abdominal pain and distention through the use of probiotics in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients.

However, it’s essential to be cautious with probiotics as some cases have shown worsening symptoms like gas and bloating, particularly related to probiotic use and SIBO (small intestinal bacterial overgrowth) which improved only after discontinuing the use of probiotics.

To maximize the potential benefits of probiotics for bloating, it’s crucial to choose the right type and dosage. Some common strains that may help with bloating include Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium. You can find these strains in various probiotic supplements, fermented foods, and beverages like yogurt, sauerkraut, and kefir.

Remember, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional before introducing probiotics into your routine, especially if you have existing medical conditions or are already taking medications. They can help guide you in making the appropriate choice for your individual needs.

Types of Probiotics for Bloating

Lactobacillus Strains

Lactobacillus is a common type of probiotic that can help alleviate bloating. There are several strains of Lactobacillus, each with its unique properties and benefits. Some of the most effective strains for reducing bloating include Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM and L. plantarum 299v 1. These strains have been researched extensively and found to help with digestive issues such as gas and bloating in patients with functional bowel disorders2. Incorporating a probiotic supplement with these specific strains or consuming fermented foods rich in Lactobacillus can be a beneficial addition to your daily routine.

Bifidobacterium Strains

Another group of probiotics that may be effective for bloating relief is Bifidobacterium strains. Specific strains, such as Bifidobacterium lactis Bi-07 and B. infantis 35624, have shown promise in clinical research for improving bloating symptoms3. These strains can be found in probiotic supplements or certain fermented foods as well. Taking Bifidobacterium strains can support your gut health and potentially reduce bloating and other digestive discomforts.

Saccharomyces Boulardii

Saccharomyces boulardii is a beneficial yeast strain rather than a bacteria, which sets it apart from the other probiotics mentioned. It has been used in the treatment of various gastrointestinal conditions, including bloating4. Saccharomyces boulardii works by promoting gut motility, helping to regulate bowel movements and alleviate bloating. Consider adding a Saccharomyces boulardii supplement to your regimen if you’re seeking relief from bloating and other digestive issues.

In conclusion, incorporating probiotics such as Lactobacillus strains, Bifidobacterium strains, and Saccharomyces boulardii can be a helpful way to address bloating and improve your overall gut health. Remember to consult a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement regimen.



Potential Benefits of Probiotics

Digestive Health

Taking probiotics can improve your digestion by introducing beneficial bacteria into your gut. These helpful microorganisms assist in breaking down food and absorbing essential nutrients, which can help alleviate bloating. Regularly consuming probiotics can also aid in maintaining a balanced intestinal environment, contributing to healthy digestion and reducing the risk of digestive issues.

Gut Health

A healthy gut is crucial to overall well-being. Probiotics help maintain the integrity of your gut lining, reduce inflammation, and enhance gut microbial diversity. By supporting gut health, probiotics can assist in preventing unwanted substances from “leaking” into your bloodstream and triggering an immune response.

Immune System Support

Probiotics can improve your immune system by strengthening the gut barrier and promoting the growth of beneficial bacteria. These good bacteria compete with harmful pathogens for space and nutrients, helping to keep the “bad” bacteria in check. The probiotics also help modulate the activity of your immune cells, reducing inflammation, and improving your body’s overall defense against illness.

Probiotic Foods and Supplements

Foods Rich in Probiotics

Incorporating probiotic-rich foods into your diet can support a healthy gut and potentially relieve symptoms of bloating. Some common foods packed with live, beneficial bacteria are:

  • Yogurt: A popular source of probiotics, but choose varieties with active, live cultures and minimal added sugars.
  • Kefir: A fermented milk drink containing a wider variety of probiotic strains than yogurt.
  • Kombucha: A fizzy, fermented tea that contains various probiotics, antioxidants, and sometimes caffeine.
  • Kimchi: A Korean fermented vegetable dish, often spicy, with loads of beneficial bacteria from the fermentation process.
  • Aged cheeses: Not all cheeses have probiotics, but aged varieties like Gouda, Cheddar, and Swiss can contain some live cultures.
  • Tempeh: A fermented soybean-based product that is a staple in many plant-based diets and contains probiotics.

Each of these foods can help to maintain balanced gut flora and provide additional health benefits.

Choosing a Probiotic Supplement

If you cannot or do not wish to include probiotic-rich foods in your diet, supplements may be a convenient alternative. When looking for a probiotic supplement, consider the following factors:

  • Strain diversity: Different strains of bacteria offer different benefits, so a supplement with multiple strains can potentially cover a broader range of health needs.
  • CFUs (colony-forming units): Choose a supplement with a high number of CFUs, usually in the billions. This ensures that you’re getting sufficient live bacteria.
  • Quality and reputation: Look for reputable companies that perform third-party testing to ensure product quality and avoid contamination.

Remember to consult your healthcare professional before starting any new supplement, as individual needs may vary, and they can offer guidance on selecting the best probiotic option for you.

Prebiotics for a Balanced Gut

By incorporating prebiotics into your diet, you can help improve your gut health and potentially reduce bloating. Prebiotics are a form of fiber that serves as a source of food for the beneficial bacteria in your gut, promoting their growth and activity. As these good bacteria flourish, they can help maintain a balanced gut microbiome and minimize digestive issues such as bloating.

Fiber-rich foods are excellent sources of prebiotics, and increasing your intake can provide numerous health benefits. Foods containing high levels of prebiotic fiber include whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and legumes. When selecting these foods, opt for minimally processed options to ensure you’re receiving the full benefits of the prebiotic content.

Incorporating a variety of prebiotic-rich foods into your daily meals can help promote diverse and well-balanced gut microbiota. Start by adding small amounts of fiber to your diet and gradually increasing your intake to avoid overwhelming your digestive system. This gradual approach can help minimize gas production and bloating as your body adjusts to the increased fiber content.

When consuming prebiotic fiber, it’s essential to drink plenty of water. Staying well-hydrated supports proper digestion and helps prevent constipation, which can contribute to bloating. Aim for at least eight glasses of water per day, ensuring your body has the necessary fluids to process the increased fiber intake effectively.

In conclusion, by incorporating prebiotics into your diet and maintaining adequate hydration, you can support the growth of beneficial gut bacteria. This, in turn, may lead to improved gut health and a reduction in bloating and other digestive issues.

Factors Affecting Gut Health

Poor Diet

A poor diet can have a significant impact on your gut health. Consuming highly processed foods, high amounts of sugar, artificial sweeteners, and unhealthy fats can lead to an imbalance in your gut microbiome. This imbalance can contribute to the development of bloating and conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). To maintain a healthy gut, try incorporating more whole, unprocessed foods into your diet, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins.


Stress can also play a role in gut health. Studies have shown that stress can cause changes in your gut microbiome, which may lead to digestive issues, including bloating. Moreover, stress can also adversely affect gut motility, resulting in IBS symptoms 1. One of the ways to manage stress is to engage in stress-reduction practices like deep breathing exercises, meditation, or yoga.


Certain medications can have negative effects on your gut health. One such example is antibiotics, which not only kill off harmful bacteria but also some beneficial bacteria in your gut. This can result in an imbalance in your gut microbiome, leading to bloating and potentially triggering IBS symptoms 2. Whenever you’ve prescribed medications, it’s important to ask your doctor about potential side effects related to gut health and discuss any necessary precautions or probiotics that might help maintain your gut’s balance.



Reducing Bloating without Probiotics


A low FODMAP diet can help reduce bloating by limiting certain types of carbohydrates that are difficult for your digestive system to break down. These carbohydrates – Fermentable, Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides, and Polyols – are not easily absorbed by the gut, causing gas and bloating. Incorporating a low FODMAP diet can help minimize these symptoms. Some low-FODMAP food options to include in your diet are:

  • Fruits: Bananas, blueberries, oranges, and strawberries
  • Vegetables: Carrots, cucumbers, lettuce, and zucchini
  • Grains: Brown rice, oats, and quinoa
  • Proteins: Chicken, fish, and tofu

Be sure to consult with a nutritionist or healthcare provider before starting a low FODMAP diet to ensure it is suitable for your needs.


Staying well-hydrated is essential for optimal digestion and can help reduce bloating. Drinking enough water throughout the day supports healthy gut flora and allows your body to break down food more efficiently. Aim for at least eight 8-ounce glasses of water per day. Keep in mind that your specific hydration needs may vary depending on factors such as age, activity level, and climate. Don’t wait until you’re thirsty to drink water, as this could be a sign of mild dehydration. Instead, maintain a consistent intake throughout the day.

Lifestyle Changes

Making some simple lifestyle changes can help alleviate bloating without the use of probiotics. Focus on the following strategies:

  • Address lactose intolerance: If you are lactose intolerant, your body may have difficulty digesting the naturally occurring sugar found in dairy products. Limiting or avoiding dairy products can help alleviate bloating and other symptoms associated with lactose intolerance.
  • Eat smaller meals: Consuming smaller, more frequent meals instead of a few large ones can help your digestive system break down food more effectively and prevent bloating.
  • Mindful eating: Take time to chew your food thoroughly and eat at a slower pace. This can help prevent swallowing excess air, which can contribute to bloating.
  • Exercise: Regular physical activity can help improve digestion and relieve bloating by stimulating the passage of gas through the digestive system. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.

Incorporating these changes into your daily routine can help you manage bloating and promote overall digestive health. If you continue to experience bloating or other gastrointestinal symptoms, consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice and recommendations.

Safety and Effectiveness of Probiotics

Probiotics have gained popularity as a potential solution for improving gut health and relieving symptoms of various gastrointestinal issues, including bloating. As a consumer, it’s important to understand the safety and effectiveness of probiotics on your health.

When it comes to the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), research has shown promising results in the use of probiotics. A systematic review found strong support for the efficacy and safety of B. infantis, a specific type of probiotic, for alleviating abdominal pain, discomfort, and bloating. Additionally, evidence from 35 randomized controlled trials suggests that probiotics can significantly reduce bloating scores in patients with IBS. This indicates that probiotics may be effective in reducing bloating and improving overall gut health.

Safety is always a concern when introducing new supplements or treatments into your routine. In general, probiotics have been deemed safe for most individuals, including children, provided that they are used as directed. This is because the bacteria in probiotics are typically harmless and naturally occur in the human gastrointestinal tract. However, if you have allergies or sensitivities, it’s crucial to carefully read the label of any probiotic supplement and consult with a healthcare professional before use.

As with any supplement, it’s important to keep in mind that not all probiotics are created equal. Different strains and combinations of bacteria can have varying effects on different individuals, so finding a probiotic supplement with a diverse range of bacteria might be beneficial. When choosing a product, look for ones that are well-researched and have a proven track record of efficacy and safety.

In conclusion, while probiotics show potential in alleviating bloating and improving gut health, it’s important to approach their use with caution and consult a healthcare professional to determine if incorporating them into your regimen would be beneficial.

When to Seek Medical Advice

While probiotics may help with bloating in some individuals, it’s important to recognize when it’s time to seek professional help. Persistent or severe bloating could be indicative of a more serious underlying health issue that may require medical attention.

If you find that your bloating is accompanied by abdominal pain, it might be time to consult with a healthcare professional. Pain can be a sign that there is inflammation or an obstruction in your gastrointestinal tract, which needs to be addressed by a physician.

It’s important to monitor the duration of your symptoms. If your bloating continues for several weeks or worsens over time, despite any lifestyle changes or use of probiotics, it is a good idea to consult with a medical professional.

In cases where your bloating is caused by an underlying medical condition, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a registered dietitian can help tailor a diet plan that accommodates your specific needs. They can recommend the right balance of prebiotics and probiotics, as well as other dietary adjustments to help manage your symptoms.

Remember, you don’t have to suffer in silence. If your bloating is affecting your daily life or causing persistent discomfort, seeking medical advice is a proactive step toward improving your overall gut health and well-being. A healthcare professional can provide guidance on the best course of action, whether that involves using probiotics, adjusting your diet, or exploring other treatment options.

About Us

Our goal is to empower you with concise probiotic guidance for a healthier gut. With expert advice, we provide the knowledge to improve your well-being and navigate the world of probiotics efficiently, ensuring you achieve optimal gut health.


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